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The Public Health Act of 1946 created the federal Public Health Service and the Department of Labor.
In 1949, Congress created the Public Health Education Act.
These were two distinct federal agencies.
The Public Service Act of 1950 created the Office of Public Health and Public Health Programs.
In 1962, Congress passed the Public Education Act which established public schools as public health educational institutions.
These agencies were established to administer and implement federal programs that were part of the health care system.
In 1949, public health was a federal job.
The Civil Service Act required that each state provide a public health officer with two years of schooling.
In the 1950s, the Public Service Commission established the Public Employees Training Corps (PETC) which was a state-run public health education corps that trained teachers in public health.
In the 1960s, Congress established the National Institute of Public Administration (NIPA) which provided the funding and expertise for the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
The Public Health Assessment Act of 1962 created the National Health Service Board (NHBS), which was charged with administering the health and welfare programs of the federal government.
In 1963, Congress provided $20 million to establish the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as a public agency.
In 1969, Congress gave the National Cancer Institute (NCI) the authority to conduct research and develop vaccines, diagnostics, and treatments.
In 1972, Congress granted the National Toxicology Program (NTMP) the responsibility of investigating and evaluating human and animal exposures.
In 1974, Congress designated the National Vaccine Administration (NVAP) as the National Agency for Laboratory Safety and Health.
The Public Service Employment Act of 1977 created the Department for Workforce Development and Training (DEFT) to promote the creation of private sector employment in the federal public health system.
In 1978, Congress set aside $1.5 billion for DEFT to conduct its own internal investigations of the public health systems.
In 1976, Congress authorized the Centers of Disease Control to provide grants to States to help develop health education programs for the general public.
In 1987, Congress directed DEFT and NVAP to study whether there were gaps in the existing public health and human services systems in states and the Nation.
In 1991, Congress mandated that public health agencies report to the President on how to best integrate the public and private sectors.
The President directed DEET to report to Congress on strategies for improving the public education system in the Nation by establishing a Federal Advisory Council on Public Education and a Presidential Advisory Council for Health Education.
In 1992, Congress included in the National Public Health Policy Act of 1993 the National Strategy for Public Health, which included recommendations for improving public health outcomes in the nation.
In 1996, Congress adopted the National Research Agenda on Public Health.
In 1997, Congress amended the Public Employee Retirement Act of 1974 to establish a new retirement system called Public Employees’ Retirement System (PEERS).
In 2001, Congress enacted the Public Safety Employment and Health Act (PSHEH).
In 2003, Congress made it easier for state governments to set up public health programs and programs to be used in their local communities.
In 2005, Congress repealed the Public Healthcare Safety Act of 1966, which required that public and nonprofit health organizations meet minimum standards for safety and quality standards.
The new law also required public and non-profit health organizations to provide a safety plan for their employees and volunteers.
In 2011, Congress strengthened requirements for all private employers with more than 50 employees to report safety violations.
In 2013, Congress expanded reporting requirements for employer-sponsored health care plans.
In 2014, Congress added $1 billion to the National Center for Health Statistics to improve its quality data and to provide data to states on the progress of health care reform.
In 2018, Congress signed a bill to expand Medicaid coverage to more people.
In 2020, Congress increased the amount that employers and workers can receive in tax credits for health care expenses.
In 2020, in the first year of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), Congress created a new public health incentive called the Community Health Investment Program (CHIP).
CHIP is a tax credit for health insurance plans that are funded through payroll taxes and tax deductions, or that cover health care costs that are not covered by insurance.
The credit is available for coverage in the individual or small group market.
In 2019, Congress extended CHIP through 2020.
In 2021, Congress appropriated $1 trillion to expand CHIP and extend it through 2022.
In 2022, Congress also increased the credits for the new CHIP.
In 2024, Congress eliminated the tax credit cap on coverage of CHIP for individuals and small businesses.
In 2025, Congress reduced the cost-sharing requirement for certain health plans that provide CHIP coverage.
In 2019, in order to make CHIP more accessible and accessible to all Americans, Congress moved the tax-credit cap from $4,500 to $2,500.
In 2030, the